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              • الموضوع : Sayed Mohamad Ali El Husseini: about Welayat El Faqih, the Shiite jurisprudence and its impact on politics .

Sayed Mohamad Ali El Husseini: about Welayat El Faqih, the Shiite jurisprudence and its impact on politics

Sayed Mohamad Ali El Husseini: about Welayat El Faqih, the Shiite jurisprudence and its impact on politics

After more than three decades have passed on the establishment of the Islamic republic of Iran based on the welayat el faqih theory, the discussions and the debates revolve strongly about this theory both negatively and positively, with an important note that its negative outlook is predominant because it is not basically a theory that relies on strong doctrinal foundations. The term General mandate of welayat el faqih represents the summit of theocratic absolute domination on the country and the people. If we examine it carefully and we discuss its various aspects, we find that the term as an emergent thought within the Shiite jurisprudence. And the most dangerous in the welayat el faqih is that it represents a political-doctrinal concept considered as a trans-boundary one and not limited only to Iran.
Based on this theory developed by Sayed Khomeini, al waley el faqih (the Iranian) will get huge authorities and absolute powers within a certain broad explanation that the theory of welayat el faqih Government is a branch of the absolute governance of the Messenger of Allah, the prophete Mohamad (peace be upon him) and one of the primary provisions of Islam, and a priority to all Sub provisions even prayer, fasting and pilgrimage. Al waley el faqih is a jurist above the Constitution and the man-made laws, and his decisions are considered enforceable divine laws.
As it is widely known, the Shiites throughout the past centuries believe that the religious jurists have mandate on matters of the jurisprudence and money and the like of purely religious issues without interfering in political matters, and all it was based on what has been quoted by Imam El Mahdi (pbuh) who said: "The occurring incidents must be referred to the narrators of our discourses. ".
Welayat El Faqih in Shiite Islam, which lacks any significant jurisprudential support, is similar to the theory of “Governance of God” introduced by the Muslim Brotherhood in Sunni Islam. The basis of such a theory assumed that the Islamic nation needs an Imam according to Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (pbuh) stance against the Khawarij when the followers of Muawiyah bin Abi Sufiyan raised the Holy Koran on the spears and pronounced their famous expression (No Gouvernance but to God), and they demanded to refer to the Koran, therefore the Imam Ali answered them by saying the famous proverb “ A Right Expression Used for Wrong Purposes”.
Although the Koran cannot rule by itself but through human beings and that people needs a leader, this fact has been used by Khomeini and Khamenei, and they built what they perceived as right and wrong; accordingly, they have given al waley el faqih the absolute religious-political authority and, he was appointed as a deputy of the Imam El Mahdi (pbuh) in his absence and, Muslims must show  obedience to al waley el faqih.
 Sayed Khomeini claimed that the evidence which indicates that the Imamate is the same evidence that indicate the necessity of Welayat El Faqih, and it is one of the things rational facts, and so such as appointing a guard ​​for the young people, and a guard for the nation as well.
 It is very important to note that the opponents of Khomeini's Welayat El Faqih, because most of the Shiites scholars in Najaf opposed and rejected this theory, including: Sayed Mohsen al-Hakim, Sayed Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Sayed Shirazi. And neighborhoods like them: Mr. Ali al-Sistani, and Sayed Mohammed Said al-Hakim, and Sheikh Ishaq Fayyad, and Sheikh Bashir al-Najafi in addition to  Sayed Abdul Hussain Sharaf al-Din, Sayed Musa al-Sadr, Sheikh Mohammed Jawad Mughniyah, and Sheikh Mohammad Mehdi Shamseddin.
 Ayatollah Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah supported the Khomeini’s Welayat El Faqih but he refused the general governance and launched the term of multiple states of governance.
 Therefore, he suffered a lot of the Hezbollah repression in Lebanon, the party that believes in Welayat El Faqih. The main topic which raises attention is that the grandson of Khomeini, who is a religious scholar with a religious rank of  Ayatollah is considered one of the most opponents of the theory of Welayat El Faqih and he refuses to mix religion with politics.
Despite the fact that many of the Shiite clerics did not accept the general mandate of al waley el faqih, but they have consider it as heresy
ih all the rights and powers, this theory granted the supreme leader absolute authorities for the management of conflict, and political influence in the face of real threats to the ruling regime.
In Syria, for example, the logical and humanitarian duties oblige us to stand with the oppressed (the Syrian people) and to help them in the face of any unjust ruling such as Assad regime. However, the mullahs' regime has stoked the conflict in Syria and turned it from a humanitarian revolution demanding human rights to an ideological struggle in which al waley el faqih (sayed Khaminaii) used the media and all tactical tools to mobilize the Shiites in order to defend the Syrian unjust system. Al waley el faqih persuaded large segments of Shiites from Afghanistan to Iraq, and Lebanon and through Iran and other countries that the Shiite holy shrines are targeted. Such religious slogans have agitated any Shiites believer and stimulate such an audience while in fact the purpose was to defend the strategic interests of Iran in the Western Mediterranean .
In the example of Lebanon, the Iranian-based of welayat el faqih vision due to the reality of the weakness of the existing state, which allowed the militias to Tehran to catch the bulk of the decision by the Shiite through the religious justification. Pro-Iranian parties have worked for the kidnapping of Shiite Arabs decision knowing that the essence of the current conflict based in Lebanon and the region is a political and not stems from religious doctrines. All who have adopted the welayat el faqih in its Iranian version has brought this doctrine into the culture of the Lebanese Shiites, and integrate it with the a bunch of material interests in addition to the broad categories been enticed and brought them as supporters to Tehran regime.
In Yemen, the welayat el faqih has taken advantage of a clear distinctive religious privacy due to the deep faith of Mahdism at the Shiite community; According to this religious vision Abdul-Malik Houthi coup has been portrayed as a right of action. Al waley El Faqih has invested this concept for his interests to broadcast such an act as a religious good news that indicates the near to the appearance of the awaited imam El Mahdi (pbuh) linked to the emergence of Yamani, or Abdul-Malik Houthi based on the Iranian view.
Therefore, what is happening in Yemen poses to them in addition to the events of Iraq and Syria some inevitable signs of appearance of El Mahdi (pbuh) also associated with the appearance of «the Khorasani», Al waley El Faqih Sayed Ali Khamenei in Iran. The exploitation of this faith was linked to the need to bring down the Saudi monarchy as it considers Iran a major obstacle to its expansion in Arabia and laid out on the Iranian influence on the Two Holy Mosques in the Hijaz, in order to achieve additional justification for Iranian claim the political and religious authority on all Muslims. This does not come out for Iran's behavior regarding to the Palestinian cause where Tehran struggled to turn Jerusalem into crane for its regional project of influence. We remind everyone how Sayed Khomeini and his successor and under the banners of “Jerusalem Day” and “Death to Israel”, have created paramilitary groups fighting in proxy for Iran. However, we can obviously witness how the mullahs' regime in Tehran did not throw one missile or one single bullet at Israel.
Even inside Iran, the political system tried to promote welayat el faqih as a general mandate of the jurist which has become a tool to maintain the social cohesion through an ideology made-up by Imam Khomeini in order to help him in covering the bloody war with Iraq. Although the debate endures about welayat el faqih, the political, spiritual and charismatic leadership of the Khomeini has helped him to consolidate this doctrine in spite of his tyranny. Sayed Khaminaii inherited Khomeini not only in welayat el faqih as far as he inherited the point of tyranny and he widened its limits beyond the borders of the Islamic Republic.
The bottom line of what has been mentioned above is that the general mandate of the welayat el faqih is only a heretic theory that has been invented within the Shia Imami doctrine in addition to all Alawite and Zaydi Shiaa. Such heretic theory has proven during the last three decades that it covers a repressive authoritarian policy based on the exclusion of the mind and the rejection the other with an intensifying the absolute domination on the human life under the pretext of religion, while the true religion is innocent of such heresy.
Based on all what we have stated before, we call all Shiites whatever their tongues, languages, and national identities to obey the wise words of Imam Hussein bin Ali (pbuh) to "Be free in your world and life. And therefore, all Shiites must not obey the regime of clerical rulers of iranian welayat el faqih, who wants to get you back to age of ignorance before the appearance of Prophete Moahamad (pbuh) and Islam, in order to rule over you and abuse you although God has created you free people. Your release to freedom from welayat el faqih regime prison in Iran and his followers, in Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar, Yemen, Iraq and Syria, is necessary and your seeking of freedom is a religious duty upon you. Such duty depends on you alone as stated in the holy verse of Koran "Allah does not change the conditions of people until they change it themselves. "
* Sayyed Mohamad Ali El Husseini
Secretary General of the Arab Islamic Council in Lebanon.
alsayedelhusseini@gmail.com

 

    طباعة   ||   أخبر صديقك عن الموضوع   ||   التاريخ : 2015/08/30   ||   القرّاء : 46871



 

 


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